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5 things you need to know about Cervical Cancer

5 things you need to know about Cervical Cancer

5 things you need to know about Cervical Cancer: Njkinny's Blog

Innovators and researchers have made great advancement in terms of technology and lifestyle. Life has become very easy. But with every boon there comes a curse - human beings are facing a threat of deadly diseases that were unknown to our older generations, new waves of fatal infections are evolving, deadly epidemics take a toll on many today. 
One of the biggest challenges that scientists are trying to solve is ‘Cancer’. 

By definition, cancer is basically a condition where abnormal growth of cells takes place and these cells eat up the healthy cells and can invade or spread to other parts of the body. There are many types of cancers. 

In this article, we discuss one of the commonly noticed type of cancer i.e. cervical cancer. 

Cervical cancer happens in the cells of the lower part of the uterus i.e. cervix connecting to the vagina. In most of the cases, it is the result of Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually communicated disease.  Worldwide, cervical cancer is both the fourth-most common cause of cancer and cause of death from cancer in women.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer:

One may hardly notice any symptom in the early phase says the best gynaecologist in Bangalore. Symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include:
  • Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between menstrual cycles or after reaching menopause.
  • Heavy, reddish, watery vaginal discharge having a foul smell.
  • Pelvic pain, leg pain, and back pain.
  • Weight loss, Fatigue, and loss of appetite.
  • Leakage of urine or faeces from the vagina.


Causes of Cervical Cancer:


Many lifestyle changes such as smoking, oral contraceptives, multiple partners, multiple pregnancies, early sexual activities, etc. apart from HPV have been known causes. Researchers are still trying to find more reasons to this deadly cancer.

Subtypes of Cervical Cancer:


The most common subtypes of cervical cancer are:
  • Squamous cell carcinoma – Starts in the thin cells coating the outer area of the cervix reaching into the vagina. Many cervical cancers are of this type.
  • Adenocarcinoma- Starts in the glandular cells having column form coating the cervical canal.
In many cases, the presence of both types of cells has been detected.

Prevention from Cervical Cancer:

To reduce your risk of cervical cancer:
  • Get vaccinated against HPV- Vaccinating girls and young ladies between age group 9 to 26. It is best to take this vaccine while they are virgin.
  • Don’t miss routine Pap tests - Pap tests help to diagnose the precancerous stage of the cervix which can help in starting treatment at the earliest. 
  • Say Yes to safe sex - Use condom, have fewer sexual partners and delaying intercourse
  • Quit smoking.
  • Education – Visiting a gynaecologist for checkups and educational tips with young girls who are just touching puberty is a good idea. At tender age educating kids is best as they can avoid making mistakes because of curiosity or ignorance.

Risk:

Many times, women who acquire HPV still don't develop cervical cancer. Patients with weak immunity and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at higher risk. Unsafe sexual practices and smoking are other factors that enhance the chances of developing cervical cancer according to the best gynaecologists in Bangalore.

By generating awareness for Cervical Cancer and getting vaccinated in time, we can prevent getting affected by this disease.


Stay aware, stay safe.


Until Later,

-Njkinny
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